Course Title: Comprehensive Networking Course

Course Overview: This comprehensive networking course is designed to provide a deep and practical understanding of computer networking principles and practices. It encompasses both fundamental concepts and advanced techniques required for the design, implementation, management, and troubleshooting of modern computer networks.

Course Objectives: Upon completion of this course, students will:

  1. Understand Networking Fundamentals:
    • Develop a solid foundation in networking concepts, including OSI and TCP/IP models, protocols, and network topologies.
  2. Network Design and Architecture:
    • Learn how to design scalable and resilient network architectures that meet business requirements.
  3. Routing and Switching:
    • Master the configuration and management of routers and switches for efficient data routing and network segmentation.
  4. Subnetting and IP Addressing:
    • Gain expertise in subnetting, IP addressing, and IPv6 implementation.
  5. Network Security:
    • Implement robust security measures, including firewalls, intrusion detection systems (IDS), and encryption, to protect networks from threats.
  6. Wireless Networking:
    • Explore wireless networking technologies, standards, and best practices for secure and reliable wireless connectivity.
  7. Virtual Private Networks (VPNs):
    • Configure and manage VPNs for secure remote access and site-to-site connectivity.
  8. Network Monitoring and Management:
    • Utilize network monitoring tools to ensure network performance, detect issues, and perform proactive maintenance.
  9. Cloud Networking and Virtualization:
    • Understand cloud-based networking concepts and virtualization technologies.
  10. Quality of Service (QoS):
    • Implement QoS strategies to optimize network performance and prioritize critical traffic.
  11. IPv6 Implementation:
    • Prepare for the transition to IPv6, addressing IPv4 exhaustion, and ensuring network compatibility.
  12. Troubleshooting and Network Analysis:
    • Develop effective troubleshooting skills and utilize network analysis tools to diagnose and resolve network issues.

Course Structure: This course comprises lectures, hands-on labs, practical exercises, real-world scenarios, group discussions, and case studies. Students will have the opportunity to work with networking equipment and simulation tools to gain practical experience.

Assessment: Assessment methods may include quizzes, practical assignments (e.g., network configuration tasks), midterm exams, a final project, and class participation.

Who Should Take This Course: This course is suitable for IT professionals, network administrators, system engineers, aspiring network engineers, and anyone interested in pursuing a career in networking.

Prerequisites: Prerequisites may include a basic understanding of computer systems and general IT concepts.

Course Materials: Course materials may include textbooks, online resources, documentation, access to network simulation tools, and hands-on lab resources.

Instructor: An experienced networking professional or instructor with expertise in networking principles and practices.

Course Duration: The duration of the course can vary, but it is often offered as a semester-long or short-term program.

By the end of this comprehensive networking course, participants will have the knowledge and skills necessary to design, configure, secure, and troubleshoot complex computer networks, making them valuable assets in the field of IT and networking.

Access the course on SP Cloud Academy Learning Mnagement System


Core Areas of Networking

  • Peer to Peer Networking
  • Client server Networking
  • Domain Based Networking
  • Routing and Switching
  • Networking in different OS environments: Networking OS, Windows, Linux, Multi-OS
  • Virtual Networking
  • Cloud based Networking
  • Network Administration
  • Scripting and Automation
  • Network Security and Disaster Recovery
  • Network Maintenance and Troubleshooting
  • Networking Practice and Lab Development
  • Networking Vendors

Networking Principles

Networking Terms

  • Networking, Network, Classification, Topologies, Protocols, Networking media, Networking Tools, Networking Devices, Networking OS, Network Addressing, Networking Standards, Routing & Switching, Network Administration, Network Security, Network Maintenance and Troubleshooting

Introduction to Networks

  • Definition of Networking
  • Evaluation of Networking
  • Networking Is All about Information
  • The Personal Computer as an Information Tool
  • Exchanging Information
  • The Computer Network
  • Sharing Information
  • Sharing Hardware Resources
  • Sharing Software Resources
  • Preserving Information
  • Protecting Information

Network Classification

  • Identifying Characteristics of a Network
  • Geographical Classification
    • LAN
    • WAN
  • Base on management
    • Peer to Peer
  • Client server
    • What is Client-server network and networking?
    • Characteristics of Client-Server Computing
    • Why Peer to Client-Server network?
    • Domain Based
      • Domain
      • Domain Controller
      • Domain based network architecture
      • Windows Active Directory Services
  • Base on connectivity
    • Wired Network
  • Network Segmentation
    • Bridged Network
    • VLAN
  • Internet, VPN, Intranet, and Extranet

Wireless Networking

  • Wireless Basics
    • Standards
    • Channels
    • Authentication and Encryption
  • Securing Wireless
  • Implementing a Wireless Network
    • Configuring the Access Point
    • Configuring the Client
  • Infrared and Bluetooth

Network Topologies

  • What are topologies?
  • Point-to-Point and Point-to-Multipoint
  • Segments and Backbones
  • Physical topologies
    • Bus Topology
    • Star Topology
    • Ring Topology
    • Mesh Topology
    • Hybrid Topology
    • Wireless Topologies
  • Logical topologies
    • Ethernet
      • CSMA
      • CSMA/CD, CSMA/CA
    • Token Passing

Network Transmission and traffic

  • Broadcast domains
  • Collision domains
  • Protocol data units
  • MTU
  • Broadcast
  • Multicast
  • Unicast

Networking Standards

  • The ISO-OSI model
    • Introducing the Open Systems Interconnect (OSI) Model
    • The OSI Model Lower Layer Functions
      • The Physical Layer
      • The Data Link Layer
    • The OSI Model Middle Layers
      • The Network Layer
      • The Transport Layer
    • The OSI Model Upper Layers
      • The Session Layer
      • The Presentation Layer
      • The Application Layer
      • Upper Layer Devices

Network Protocols

  • Protocol principle
  • and routable protocols
  • Difference Between Routable Protocol and Non-Routable Protocol
  • Non- routable protocols
    • NetBEUI
  • Routable
    • IPX/SPX
    • TCP/IP Protocol Suite
      • TCP/IP Fundamentals
      • The TCP/IP Model
      • TCP/IP Settings
      • Application-Layer Protocols
    • TCP/IP Addressing
      • Understanding Binary
      • Address Classes
      • Loopback Address
      • Private and Public Addresses
      • Addressing Schemes
      • TCP/IP Ports
      • IPv6
    • TCP/IP Configuration Concepts
      • Manual Configuration
      • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
      • APIPA
      • Boot Protocol
      • Domain Name System
      • Windows Internet Naming Service
      • Configuring a Linux Machine for TCP/IP
    • TCP/IP Utilities
      • ARP
      • Telnet
      • NBTSTAT
      • Tracert
      • Netstat
      • FTP
      • Ping and Hping2
      • NSLOOKUP and DIG
      • Other TCP/IP Utilities
        • Hostname and Host
        • MTR
        • Route
        • Arping
      • Troubleshooting with TCP/IP Utilities
        • Connectivity Problems
        • Name Resolution Problems

Network Addressing

  • Host name
  • MAC address
  • IP Addresses
    • IP address classes
    • Loopback address
    • Private address
    • Public Address
  • Subnetting
    • Understanding Subnetting
    • Classful vs. Classless Addressing
    • CIDR
    • Supernetting

Routing and Switching

  • Routing
  • Cisco Routers
  • Windows Routers
  • Routing protocols (IPv4 and IPv6)
    Distance-vector routing protocols
    • RIP
    • EIGRP

Link-state routing protocols

  • OSPF
    • Authentication
    • Adjacencies
    • Network types and Area Types
    • LSA Types
    • Route Aggregation/Summarization
    • Route Redistribution


  • BGP
    • Path Selection
    • External and Internal Peering
    • Route reflectors and Route Server
    • Peer Templates
    • Multi-Hop EBGP
    • Route Aggregation/Summarization
    • Route Redistribution
  • Routing types
    • Static
    • Dynamic
    • Default
  • Subnetting and Routing

Network Operating Systems

  • Windows
    • Windows Desktop OS with Networking Features
    • Windows server OS
    • Network services and Server roles: DNS, WINS, DHCP, Routing and NAT, File, FTP, Mail, RDP, Web, VPN, Proxy, RIS, ICS
    • Server Clustering
    • Storage: RAID
    • Windows Networking Command
    • Batch Scripting and PowerShell
  • Linux
  • Unix

Eenterprise network Architecture

  • Different design principles used in an enterprise network
    • Enterprise network design such as Tier 2, Tier 3, and Fabric Capacity planning
    • High availability techniques such as redundancy, FHRP, and SSO

Wide Area Network Technologies

  • Packet-Switching vs. Circuit-Switching Networks
  • Asynchronous Transfer Mode
  • Synchronous Optical Network/Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
  • Optical Carrier Level-X
  • X.25 and Frame Relay
  • Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI)
  • Tx/Ex-Carriers
  • Internet Access Technologies

Remote Connectivity

  • Remote Connectivity Concepts
    • Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN)
    • Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)
  • Remote Access Service (RAS)
    • Serial Line Internet Protocol (SLIP)
    • Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)
  • Dial-Up Networking
    • Modem Configuration Parameters
    • Unimodem
    • Telephony API
    • Requirements for a Remote Connection
  • Virtual Private Networks (VPNs)
    • VPN Overview
    • VPN Protocols
  • Terminal Services
    • Advantages of Terminal Services
    • Disadvantages of Terminal Services
    • Remote Desktop Principles
    • Configuring and Accessing Remote Desktop

Virtual and Cloud Networking

  • Virtual Networking
    • Hypervisor type 1 and 2
    • Virtual machine
    • Virtual switching
  • Cloud Networking
  • Cloud Computing Platforms
  • Cloud services
    • IaaS
    • PaaS
    • SaaS
  • Subscriptions
  • Virtual machine (VMs) and VMs Development
  • Configuration and management VMs
  • Developing Virtual Networking (VNet) platforms
  • Configuring VNet Components and Establishing Virtual Networks

Networking Devices, Tools and Accessories

  • Network Media and Connectors
    • Guided Media
      • Copper Media
        • Coaxial Cable
        • Twisted-Pair Cable
      • Optical Media
    • Unguided Media
  • Networking devices
    • Network Interface Card
    • Hub
    • Switch
    • Repeater
    • Bridge
    • MoDem
    • WAP
  • Inter-networking Devices
    • Router
    • Brouter
    • Gateway
  • Security and controlling Devices
    • Firewall
    • WLC
  • Others
    • Transceivers
    • ONU
    • CSU/DSU
    • ISDN modem

Network Storage

  • SAN
    • What is Storage Area Network?
    • Benefits of SAN Environment
    • SAN Components
    • Potential Storage Services Locations
    • Challenges of SAN Management
    • Ways to Manage a Storage Subsystem
    • Simple Architecture of SAN
    • Redundant Architecture of SAN
    • Fiber channel vs.  IP based technology
    • Summary of RAID levels
    • Storage services requirement
  • NAS
    • NAS principle
    • SAN vs NAS

Network Planning and Design

  • The Principles of Network Design
  • Design: A Definition
  • Basic Design Principles
    • Meet a Business Requirement or Need
    • Avoid the Use of Technology for Its Own Sake
    • Consider Organizational Objectives
    • Respect the Budget
    • Leverage Existing Infrastructure When Feasible
    • Utilize Components from Reliable Vendors
  • The Five Elements of a Successful Design
    • Installable, Manageable, and Supportable
    • Works in the Real World
    • Simple and Straightforward
    • Reliability through Fault Tolerance and Redundancy
    • Best of Breed Technologies Whenever Possible
  • Considering the Alternatives
  • The Pilot Project–Making Sure Everything Works Before
    • Why Implement a Pilot Project?
    • Planning a Successful Pilot Project
    • The Phases of a Pilot Project
  • Analyze design principles of a WLAN deployment
    • Wireless deployment models (centralized, distributed, controller-less, controller based, cloud, remote branch)
    • Location services in a WLAN design
  • Cloud infrastructure deployments

Network Operations

  • Diagram symbols
  • Standard operating procedures/ work instructions
  • Logical vs. physical diagrams
  • Rack diagrams
  • Change management documentation
  • Wiring and port locations
  • IDF/MDF documentation
  • Labeling
  • Network configuration and performance baselines
  • Inventory management
  • Fault tolerance
  • High availability
  • Load balancing
  • NIC teaming
  • Port aggregation
  • Clustering
  • Power management
  • Battery backups/UPS
  • Power generators
  • Dual power supplies
  • Redundant circuits

Implementing a Network

  • Installing a Network
    • Networking Options
    • Network Requirements
    • Installing a Network Server
  • Creating User Accounts
    • Built-in Accounts
    • Creating User Accounts
    • Password Policies
    • MFA
  • Managing Groups
    • Built-in Groups
    • Creating Groups
  • Securing Files and Folders
    • Securing Files
    • Connecting to a Shared Folder
  • Printer Sharing
    • Creating a Print Server
    • Changing Printer Permissions
    • Configuring a Print Client
  • Working with Network Hardware
    • Environmental Factors That Affect Computer Networks
    • Common Peripheral Ports and Network Components
    • Compatibility and Cabling Issues

Network Management and Administration

  • Network Management and Administration Tasks
    • Installing and configuring computer networks and systems
    • Identifying and solving any problems that arise with computer networks and systems
    • Consulting with clients to specify system requirements and design solutions
    • Budgeting for equipment and assembly costs
    • Assembling new systems
    • Maintaining existing software and hardware and upgrading any that have become obsolete
    • Monitoring computer networks and systems to identify how performance can be improved
    • working with IT support personnel
    • Providing network administration and support

Network Security

  • Security Concepts and Terminology
  • Understanding Attack Types
  • Security Defined
    • Logon Security
    • File System Security
    • Data Communication Security
    • Administration
    • Auditing
    • Physical Security
    • Human Security
  • Planning a Security Approach
    • The Optimistic Approach
    • The Pessimistic Approach
    • Security Policies
  • Security Problems and Their Consequences
    • Theft
    • Unauthorized Disclosure
    • Information Warfare
    • Accidental Data Loss
  • Network Access control
    • User-Level Security
    • Configuring User Rights
    • Share-Level Security
    • Securing the Registry
    • Configuring Auditing
  • Firewall and Proxy
    • Firewall Architecture
      • Dual-Homed Host Firewalls
      • Screened-Host Firewalls
      • Screened Subnet Firewalls
    • Firewall types
      • Packet-Filtering Firewall
      • Application-Level Firewall
      • Circuit-Level Firewall
  • Monitoring
    • Log
    • Monitoring the Security Log
  • Securing Communication
    • Data Encryption
    • Digital Signatures
    • Internet Protocol Security
  • Physical Security
  • Hardening Devices and Systems
  • Guidelines to Protect the Network

Network Maintenance and Troubleshooting

  • Network Troubleshooting
    • Narrowing Down the Problem
    • Checking for the Simple Stuff
    • Is Hardware or Software Causing the Problem?
    • Is a Particular Workstation Causing the Problem, or Is It the Server?
    • Which Segment(s) of the Network Are Affected?
    • Cabling Issues
  • Troubleshooting Steps

Step 1: Identify the Exact Issue

Step 2 Re-create the Problem

Step 3. Isolate the Cause

Step 4: Formulate a Correction

Step 5: Implement the correction

Step 6: Test the Solution

Step 7: Document the Problem and the Solution

Step 8: Give Feedback

  • The Troubleshooter’s Resources
    • Log Files
    • Manufacturers’ Troubleshooting Resources
    • Hardware Troubleshooting Tools
    • Software Troubleshooting Tools
  • Troubleshooting Tips
    • Don’t Overlook the Small Stuff
    • Prioritize Your Problems
    • Check the Software Configuration
    • Don’t Overlook Physical Conditions
    • Don’t Overlook Cable Problems
    • Check for Viruses

Network Backup and Disaster Recovery

  • Disaster Recovery
  • Defeating Disasters: An Overview
    • Backup Strategies
    • Performing Backups
    • The Backup Information Dialog Box
    • Performing Automatic Backups
    • Special Backup Operations
    • Protecting Backups
    • Restoring Files
    • Special Restoration Operations
    • Restoring a Configuration
    • Backing Up the Registry
  • Planning for Disaster Recovery
    • Creating a Disaster Recovery Plan
    • Implementing Disaster Recovery
    • Make a Recovery “Coloring Book”
    • Making Sure the Plan Works
  • Diagnosing Server Boot Failures
    • Before the Boot: The Hardware Must Work
    • Boot Step One: NTLDR and BOOT.INI
    • Boot Step Two: NTDETECT
    • Boot Step Three: Load the Kernel
  • The Load Sequence
    • Kernel Initialization Phase
    • The Services Load Phase
    • Windows Subsystem Load
    • User Login

Networking Hardware and Software Tools

  • Hardware tools
    • Crimper
    • Cable tester
    • Punch down tool
    • OTDR
    • Light meter
    • Tone generator
    • Loopback adapter
    • Multimeter
    • Spectrum analyzer
  • Software tools
    • Packet sniffer
    • Port scanner
    • Protocol analyzer
    • WiFi analyzer
    • Bandwidth speed tester
    • Command line tools
      • Ping, tracert, traceroute, nslookup, ipconfig, ifconfig, iptables, netstat, tcpdump, pathping, nmap, route, arp, dig

Network Automation

  • Network scripting
  • PowerShell
  • Python

Networking Practice and Lab Development

  • Personal networking lab Development with physical PCs
  • Personal Virtual Lab Development
  • Physical lab development for Educational organizations
  • Virtual lab development for Educational organizations
  • Cloud-based lab development
  • Simulation based lab development

Networking Certification and Career Development

  • Networking Profession and Professionals
    • Networking Profession
    • Duties and tasks
      • Analyze, develop and evaluate systems and specifications of computer systems
      • Assess network operations, software, hardware and systems and make recommendations for improvements
      • Create procedures for network inventory
      • Diagnose and find resolutions for network faults
      • Monitor traffic and activity for integrity and optimum performance
      • Provide maintenance for networks
      • Provide specific network programming for individual companies
      • Research and monitor the infrastructure of networks for the best performance
      • Troubleshoot network issues and provide support and solutions
  • Networking Professionals
    • Network Support Technician
    • Network Engineer
    • Network Administrator
    • Network Support Engineer
    • Network Architect
    • Network Manager
  • Skills, Duties and responsibilities
    • Key skills for network administrators
      • Patience
      • IT and technical skills
      • Problem-solving skills
      • Interpersonal skills
      • Enthusiasm
      • Teamworking skills
      • Initiative
      • Attention to detail
  • Certifications
    • Should You Get Certified?
      • Why Become Certified?
      • Open Job Market for Information Technology Professionals
      • Benefits for Individuals
      • Benefits for Employers
      • Criticisms of Certification
      • Keeping Updated
      • Importance of Recertification
    • Instructor-Led Training
      • Selecting a Training Provider
      • Colleges, Universities, and Vocational Schools
      • Authorized Training Providers
      • Independent Training Organizations
    • Self-Study for Certification
      • Study Guides and Books
      • Videotaped Study Programs
      • Computer-Based Training
      • Online Training
      • Practice Tests

Networking Practice and Development (Practical works)

Networking Principles
 Configure and observe the working principles of physical networking topologies within a simulated environment. 
 Configure and observe the working principles of logical networking topologies within a simulated environment. 
 Observing principles of OSI model within a simulated environment. 
 Observing principles of TCP/IP architecture within a simulated environment. 
 Viewing Protocol Information with Network Monitor 
Basic Network Setup
 Configuring guided networking media. Twisted pair cablesCoax CableFiber optic cable 
 Setup and Configuring Hub, Switch, Repeater, Modem etc 
 Setup and Configuring Routers and Gateway SoHo Router setupStatic Routing ConfigurationPublic IP assigningUse as Access Point, RepeaterWiFi-SSID setupALG, DMZ, Virtual ServersPacket MappingNAT services-Port forwardingMAC FilteringIP bindingsAccess point SetupAdvanced Router setup 
Works on Operating Systems
 Identifying Network tools and services on Windows desktop OS Identifying windows server OS features and servicesWorks on basic and advanced Network Commands 
Peer-to-Peer Network Setup
 Plan and design with consideration of these topics-purposes of the network, budget, topologies, protocols, media, device and accessories, OS etc Prepare media and devicesEstablish connection between nodesConfigure ProtocolsTest connectivity Configure sharing resources with user access controlsTest RunPerform routine performance check and maintenance tasksPrepare guidelines documentation for users 
Client Server Network Setup
 Windows Server OS Installation 
 Windows Server Configuration 
 Activation, Configuration and management DNSDHCPFile serverFTPWeb serverNATR&SVPNRDSWUSRISRDP 
Hyper-V Management 
Domain based network Setup
 Setup Domain based Network Configuring a Domain and Domain ControllerConfiguring Active Directory Services (ADS)File and resource sharing in Domain based NetworkDomain user and OUs management 
 Configuring DNS, DHCP, File server, FTP, Web server, NAT, R&S, VPN, RDS, WUS, RIS, RDP in domain environment 
 Backup Server backupSystem backup (Imaging and cloning)Server Clustering 
Virtual Networking
 VMs and V-Net Creating and Configuring VMsCreating Virtual Networking Environment with virtual connectivityDeveloping Virtual NetworkTesting and maintenance Virtual Network 
Cloud Networking
 Cloud platforms Cloud platforms subscriptions and managing DashboardCreating and Configuring VMs on cloud platformsCreating Virtual Networking Environment with virtual connectivityDeveloping Virtual NetworkTesting and maintenance Virtual NetworkAccessing Cloud resources from workplaceCreating Hybrid infrastructure with Local system and cloud system 
Router Management, Routing and Switching
 Accessing the Router and exploring UI Logging into a routerUsing the help and editing featuresSaving a router configurationSetting your passwordSetting the host name, descriptions, IP address and clock rateExplore the UI 
 IOS handling Baking up your Router IOSUpgrading or Restoring your Router IOSBaking up the Router ConfigurationUsing the Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP)Using TelnetResolving Hostnames 
 Basic Routing Creating Static RoutesConfiguring RIP RoutingConfiguring Default Routing 
 Routing Protocols Configuration Configuring and Verifying EIGRPEnabling the OSPF ProcessConfiguring OSPF NeighborsVerifying OSPF Operation 
 NAT Preparing for NATConfiguring Dynamic NATConfiguring PAT 
 VLAN Default Settings for VLANsConfiguring a VLANVerifying the VLAN ConfigurationDisplaying and Clearing VLAN StatisticsAdditional References for VLANs — CLI VersionFeature History for Configuring VLANs — CLI Version 
 Security Standard IP Access ListExtended IP Access List 
 Wide Area Network Configuring PPP Encapsulation and authenticationConfiguring and Monitoring HDLCConfiguring Frame Relay and Sub interfaces 
Network Management and Administration
 Network Planning and diagram representation by MS-Visio 
Network Security
 Performing User Access Controls 
 Protecting Network Resources. Files, Folders, Drives 
 Protecting Malwares 
 Firewall Management Accessing Windows Defender firewallConfiguring inbound/outbound rulesConfiguring Connection security ruesSet firewall rules with PowerShellLog Handling and Monitoring Firewall 
Network Maintenance and Troubleshooting
 Maintenance and Troubleshooting Performing routine checkup and monitoring activitiesPerforming Network HardeningCreating maintenance scripts Managing update and patches 
Network Storage, Backup and Disaster Recovery
 Network storage Configuring SANConfiguring NAS System state backup Preparing System for BackupImaging and cloningClustering 
Cross-platforms networking
 Multi-vendor OS Networking Windows-Linux networking 
Networking Practice and Lab Development
 Developing a virtual lab for Networking practices by Cisco Packet Tracer Installing and Configuring Cisco Packet Tracer on every PC in a labInstalling and Configuring Cisco Packet Tracer on Virtual Machines (VMs)Installing and Configuring Cisco Packet Tracer on Virtual Machines (VMs) in a Public Cloud Environment. Maintaining and Troubleshooting issues of Cisco Packet Tracer 
 Practice on Cisco Packet Tracer (how to use). 
 Developing a virtual lab for Networking practices by simulation-based platforms like Cisco dCloudMikrotik RouterOSEVE-NGPNETLab 
 Remote Desktop Services (RDS)/Application Server Management • Installing and configuring RDS • RDS resources management o Adding remote apps (Networking based) o Assign User groups o Publishing Remote Apps o Accessing and use of Remote Apps o Access from anywhere 
Projects Works
 SOHO Network Setup 
 Client Server Network Setup 
 Domain setup 
 Networking Lab Development 
 Networking Lab Development 
 VMs Setup in Local and Cloud Platforms 
 VNet Setup 

See also

Computer Networking Archives – SP Cloud Academy (

SP Cloud Academy Online Courses